How amazing futures contracts and derivatives work on NCDEX for commodities trading and risk management

The National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange Limited (NCDEX Live 24) is one of India’s leading electronic commodity futures trading platforms. NCDEX offers futures contracts and derivatives to enable price discovery and risk management for various agricultural and non-agricultural commodities.

Benefits of Trading on NCDEX

It offers several advantages for commodities trading and risk management:


One of the primary benefits of trading on it is the transparency it provides. All transactions are recorded, ensuring a clear and auditable trail of trading activities. This transparency helps build trust among market participants.

Risk Mitigation

Commodities markets are susceptible to price fluctuations due to various factors, including weather conditions and geopolitical events. It offers hedging tools such as futures and options contracts, allowing market participants to mitigate price risks effectively.


It is known for its high liquidity, making it easier for traders to buy and sell commodities at prevailing market prices. This liquidity ensures that traders can enter and exit positions without significant price impacts.


It’s electronic trading platform makes it accessible to a wide range of market participants, including farmers, traders, and institutional investors. This accessibility promotes market participation and contributes to price discovery.

Risk Management on NCDEX

Effective risk management is crucial in commodities trading, given the inherent volatility of commodity prices. It provides various risk management tools, including:

Margin Requirements

NCDEX sets margin requirements for different commodities and contracts. These margins act as a financial cushion to cover potential losses, ensuring the financial stability of market participants.

Price Limits

To prevent extreme price fluctuations, NCDEX imposes daily price limits on commodities. These limits restrict the maximum price change allowed in a trading session, promoting price stability.

Surveillance and Compliance

NCDEX maintains a robust surveillance and compliance mechanism to detect and prevent market manipulation and fraudulent activities. This ensures a fair and transparent trading environment.

What are NCDEX Futures Contracts?

A futures contract is a legally binding agreement to buy or sell a standardized quantity and quality of a commodity at a predetermined price on a specified future date.

For instance, a wheat futures contract on it might entail delivery of 50 quintals of FAQ wheat in June 2023 at a price agreed upon today.

How do Futures Contracts Facilitate Price Discovery and Risk Management?

Futures contracts provide valuable price signals regarding the future demand and supply outlook. The dynamic futures prices help producers, consumers, traders etc. to take informed spot market decisions.

Futures also enable effective hedging against adverse price movements. For instance, a wheat farmer can lock in a favorable price in advance through a short hedge on it rather than remain exposed to fluctuating spot prices at harvest.

Understanding Contract Specifications

NCDEX futures contracts have standardized specifications in terms of quantity, quality, delivery location and procedures to ensure efficiency.

E.g. 1 NCDEX Refined Soy Oil contract is for 10 MT of refined soy oil delivered at Indore with +/- 2% tolerance in quality.

How are Futures Contracts Settled?

Futures contracts are settled by physical delivery of the underlying commodity. It has accredited warehouses across growing regions to facilitate delivery.

Warehouse receipts for deposited commodity are traded as delivery orders. Charges for storage/transportation are fixed.

Role of Clearing Corporation

It’s Clearing Corporation Ltd. acts as legal counterparty to all trades, absorbing settlement risks. It holds margin money, follows daily mark-to-market system and ensures financial integrity.

Benefits of Futures Over Physical Trade

Futures trading on NCDEX has many advantages over physical trade:

  • Organized trading with efficient price discovery
  • Elimination of default risks via Clearing Corporation guarantees
  • Reduction in transaction and logistical costs
  • Access to geographically dispersed markets
  • Ability to hedge or speculate on price movements

Options Contracts for Additional Flexibility

In addition to futures, it offers options contracts to allow more flexibility. Options give buyer the right without obligation to buy or sell the underlying commodity on expiry at the strike price.

Innovative Products Such as Weather Derivatives

It enables management of weather risks through unique derivatives like Rainfall Index futures. It helps hedge against adverse rainfall patterns.

Thus, it provides a vibrant futures and derivatives marketplace supported by robust risk management, settlement infrastructure and transparency.


In conclusion, the futures and derivatives contracts traded on leading commodities exchange NCDEX play a pivotal role in the growth of India’s commodity markets. it’s futures provide efficient price discovery and effective avenues for mitigating risks arising from price fluctuations.

The exchange offers a diverse basket of futures and derivatives tailored to the needs of various stakeholders in agricultural value chains. Its nationwide delivery network, transparent trading systems and robust risk management frameworks ensure smooth, orderly market operations.

By harnessing technology to innovate and expand India’s commodities derivatives ecosystem, it has deepened participation and bolstered confidence in commodity futures. It has enabled integrated, efficient price risk management crucial for equipping the agriculture sector to meet the opportunities and challenges of the future. Going forward, NCDEX strives to further strengthen its markets by expanding participation, enhancing liquidity and scaling up its disruptive products and services.

In conclusion, NCDEX plays a vital role in commodities trading and risk management in India. Its transparent and efficient trading platform, along with various risk mitigation tools, makes it a preferred choice for market participants. As the global commodities market continues to evolve, NCDEX will likely continue to be at the forefront of facilitating trade and managing risks.


Q: What are the key benefits of trading futures on NCDEX?

A: Key benefits are transparent price discovery, effective risk management, operational efficiency and elimination of counterparty risks.

Q: What types of commodities are offered for futures trading on NCDEX?

A: It offers futures in agricultural commodities like grains, oilseeds, edible oils, fibers, spices etc. along with certain metals.

Q: How can I start trading in futures on the NCDEX platform?

A: You need to open an account with a NCDEX registered broker and deposit margins to start trading futures contracts.

Q: What are the different ways I can hedge risk using NCDEX futures?

A: You can hedge by taking short/long positions in futures to offset exposure in physical markets. Options allow more flexibility.

Q: How are futures contracts settled on NCDEX?

A: Futures contracts are settled by physical delivery of the commodity at designated warehouses across India.

Q: What role does the Clearing Corporation play in NCDEX futures trading?

A: The Clearing Corp guarantees all trades, handles margins and settlement to eliminate counterparty risks.

Q: What are some of the innovative derivatives offered by NCDEX?

A: NCDEX offers unique derivatives like Rainfall Index futures to hedge weather risks along with TAM futures, futures on indices etc.

Q: How can I keep track of futures prices and market trends on NCDEX?

A: You can access live futures prices, charts, analytics and reports on the NCDEX website and mobile app.

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